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The American Alligator

The American Alligator

The American alligator belongs to the crocodilian family and is commonly found in the United States. They can be found in many different habitats, including swamps, marshes, freshwater lakes, and rivers.

Continue reading to learn more about the American alligator, including its lifespan, diet, and behavior.

1. Size

Male alligators average 10 to 15 feet in length and weigh between 500 and 1,000 pounds. Females are smaller, averaging 8 to 10 feet in length.

2. Life History

Alligators have a lifespan of 50 years in the wild, although the average lifespan is closer to 30 years.

They reach sexual maturity by 12 years. The mating season occurs in the spring, and females build nests of vegetation to lay their eggs in.

Females can lay up to 90 eggs per nest, but only a small percentage of hatchlings will survive to adulthood. Hatchlings are about a foot long and weigh only a few ounces.

3. Diet

Alligators are carnivores with a diet that consists mostly of fish. They will also eat turtles, snakes, small mammals, and carrion.

4. Habitat and Range

Alligators are found in swamps, marshes, freshwater lakes, and rivers throughout the southeastern United States.

They are able to regulate their body temperature by basking in the sun or soaking in water. This allows them to be active year-round, even in cold weather.

5. Hunting Habits

Alligators use a technique called “still hunting” to ambush prey. They will lie motionless in the water with only their eyes and nostrils poking above the surface. When an unsuspecting animal comes close, the alligator will strike with lightning speed, grabbing the animal in its powerful jaws.

They use their tails as weapons. They can swing them back and forth to knock down prey or predators. They will then drag the animal underwater to drown it. They use their sharp teeth and powerful jaws to tear apart their prey.

6. Difference Between Alligator and Crocodile

The American alligator is different from a crocodile in several ways. For example, alligators are typically smaller than crocodiles, and they have a narrower snouts. Alligators also have less webbing on their feet, which makes them better swimmers.

Alligators are found in freshwater habitats, while crocodiles are found in both freshwater and saltwater habitats.

Both alligators and crocodiles are members of the reptile family, which also includes lizards, snakes, and turtles. Alligators are native to the United States, while crocodiles are found throughout the tropics.

How Renewable Energy Shift Negatively Impacts Biodiversity

How Renewable Energy Shift Negatively Impacts Biodiversity

The posing threat of climate change has pushed innovations in the use of alternative energy sources. Attempts to minimize planet resource depletion and combat climate change prioritize many individuals, countries, big brands, and global companies.

Renewable energy is fast becoming the trend to mitigate the effects of burning fossil fuels on the planet’s overall health. However, this transition to renewable energy lights on docks and in homes, and a green economy can disrupt biodiversity and ecosystems.

In 2017, ResearchGate published a study on how the revolution on renewable energy impacts ecosystem change and biodiversity loss. Experts and scientists argue that the world’s transition to a fossil-fuel-free economy comes with its set of issues and concerns.

The Overlooked Cost of Renewable Energy

Urgent efforts are being implemented worldwide to save the planet from extinction. Projects and initiatives to reduce our environmental impact are among the most tackled issues in global conventions, scientific studies, and social media forums.

Indeed, more and more people are aware of the looming threats of climate change and global warming. Everyone wants to do their part in limiting their footprints. Projects on a worldwide scale are being undertaken to assess and address how we use non-renewable energy.

The use of renewable energy is considered the most significant step humanity can take to preserve what’s left of the planet. As the backbone of the green economy, renewable energy is considered one of the most probable solutions to better human wellbeing and social inequality while effectively reducing environmental hazards and ecological scarcity.

The promise of renewable energy to avert global warming and aid in climate mitigation was questioned by different scientific studies. Although these initiatives offer many advantages, recent studies highlighted the possible adverse effects of mining and sourcing renewable energy.

The Negative Impact of Renewable Energy

The Negative Impact of Renewable Energy

Scientific papers caution the use of renewable technologies can significantly affect biodiversity. These negative impacts can alter the natural ecosystem and potentially affect many creatures and living organisms, from animals, birds, sea creatures, plants, and humans.


Because heat is continuously produced deep in the bowels of the Earth, geothermal energy is one of the primary sources of renewable energy. Despite this advantage, geothermal energy requires a large amount of money and a significant land area.

Geothermal sites produced holes in the Earth’s surface due to the required drilling to extract gas. Poisonous gases escape these holes that endanger human health and lives and the wellbeing of flora and fauna within the site’s vicinity.


A recent Hydropower Status Report shows that the world will need 2,600 GW hydropower capacity by the mid-century to avoid the global temperature from rising. Hydropower is the world’s most dominant renewable energy source.

However, dam construction and controlling natural river flow proved to be damaging to the wildlife and the people. The most noted harmful effect of hydropower is the frequent flooding in areas where it was built, destroying land, forests, and nature.


Wind energy provides a significant share in energy resources. Because of this, many wind farms are constructed to help address the global demand. The conversion of wind into energy is made possible by towering wind turbines.

Wind turbines greatly impact birds and other flying species. The National Wind Coordinating Committee reported that collisions of birds, bats, and insects with wind turbines result in their deaths and a decline in the number of their species.

Air pressure changes from wind turbines also affect birds’ and insects’ flying capacity, limiting natural pollination activities.


The sun is also a powerful source of renewable energy. However, large-scale solar installations are needed to supply the massive need for solar energy.

The building of solar panels alters its surroundings resulting in changes in moisture and surface temperatures. No matter how slight, these environmental changes can significantly affect the ecosystem, resulting in unintended impacts on plants and animals in the area.

Solar energy is also associated with improper land use, too much water utilization, habitat loss, and pollution.

What to Do?

Renewable energy is arguably one of the best solutions to address the current global crisis. However, it also comes with its unique advantages and disadvantages.

Scientists, engineers, policy-makers, and everyone should do their part to contribute and come up with better solutions not only to lessen carbon emission but also to protect the planet in its entirety.

The History of Water Treatment

The History of Water Treatment

Clean water has come a long way. In the age of great water filters, clean water has become as accessible as ever. With a water filter, anyone can collect fresh water and purify it to make it drinkable. Besides that, there are many choice water treatment processes available nowadays for any type of water. However, it didn’t always use to be so.

Before modern water filters and current water treatment processes were invented, there were many ways that water was treated to make it ready to drink. Some of our methods even borrow ideas from some of those older water treatment methods. Let’s take a dive into the history of water treatment.

When the Indians Discovered Boiling

Indians Discovered Boiling

Boiling was one of the earliest methods of water treatment. You might have done it a few times to get rid of disease-causing microorganisms. But you’re probably not aware of exactly how ancient the practice is. Boiling as a method of water treatment goes as far back as ancient Indians. Although, their reasons for using this technique were fundamentally different from mine and yours.

They didn’t know about microorganisms, but they vaguely understood that boiling water might purify them. Of course, it didn’t remove gravel and other impure particles. But it could bring about changes in the water’s smell and taste.

Water filters were not yet invented, and their techniques of separation were not as great. So, the particulate impurities were hard to remove. They could only make do with what boiling could achieve. And considering that even Kings then could get nothing better than the rest, they were probably most satisfied with it. After all, even though they didn’t know it, boiling purified their water by killing off microorganisms.

How Coagulation Helped the Egyptians

That’s where the water treatment techniques of the ancient Egyptians come in. You must have heard a lot about alum, or maybe very little. Either way, you’ve probably made use of it at one time or the other, or perhaps you’ve only seen it used.

This method is based on a coagulant. A coagulant is a chemical used for settling particulate impurities that boiling cannot remove. So, you can be sure that the Indians would have been grateful if they had such a technique. But they didn’t, because it was the Egyptians who discovered it.

That means thousands of years ago, some people had access to a similar level of clean water you enjoy right now. It might not have been as perfect, but it was healthy and clean enough to help them survive conveniently. Through boiling and coagulation, water can be made significantly clean and healthy. That explains why these techniques, first used by Indians and Egyptians, are still widely used today.

The Ancient Greeks’ Use of Water Sieves

Ancient Greek Water Treatment

If you think that there are impure particles that a coagulate like alum can’t remove, you’re correct. Because the Greeks must have known of its coagulating properties but still invented the water sieve. The water sieve can be seen as a kind of proto-water filter. Except that, with the Greeks, it usually came in the form of a bag.

This filtering bag was used to separate particles and sediments from the water. It was primarily done to get rid of the undesirable taste and smell from the water. This technique was more effective than the coagulating effects of alum because the suspending power of alum does not settle particles that are too light or too few.

Moreover, alum does not remove the particles entirely from the body of water. But the water sieve is intended to produce exactly that result. Nevertheless, there are modern coagulating techniques that work better than that of the Egyptians. Those old sieves have been improved upon and replaced by modern filters.

Francis Bacon and Sand Filtration

As you can see, the ancient world developed some sophisticated water treatment methods. But no new improvement would be made on those techniques until the 17th century. More improvements would come in a period known as the Dark Ages, which started after the fall of Rome.

During those times, people were not very inspired to discover fine things, or so they say. That’s why the discovery of new water treatment techniques resumed only when Francis Bacon attempted sand filtration for the first time. It was an advanced technique for removing salt particles from water.

He didn’t quite get it right, but it was a notable attempt because others successfully did the job in the same century. During the early days of filtration, the technology was not designed to be effective against microorganisms. Hence, water contamination could lead to outbreaks of deadly diseases.

Thankfully, modern filtration techniques are created with viruses and bacteria in mind. That’s why your water filter works so well.

The Invention of Water Chlorination

Water disinfection was invented to counteract the deadly effects of water contamination. The first form of water disinfection was chlorination. It was invented by John Snow – no relation to HBO’s Game of Thrones character. This John Snow was no warrior. He was an important British scientist. He realized that the cholera epidemic in 1854 was caused by contamination by sewage water, so he applied chlorine to the water to purify it. This is precisely how your tap water is purified today, and it’s also why your swimming pool is treated with chlorine.

This video explains in more detail, how the water chlorination breakpoint works:

Of course, water chlorination can have some adverse effects on the environment and health. That’s why the water filter is increasingly popular. It filters out harmful chemicals and microorganisms while retaining natural minerals, palatable smell as well as taste.

Is CBD Good for the Environment?

Is CBD Good for the Environment?

It is not surprising that the CBD oil for dogs industry is growing fast because of its many potential health uses, such as providing relaxation and relief. Because of the massive prospects in the future, it is expected to grow more and more. In 2022, CBD products such as CBD oil sales are expected to reach almost $2 billion. However, you might be wondering if these products are eco-friendly. Continue reading to learn more.

Hemp: The Most Environmentally-Friendly Crop

For hemp to grow, it does not need a lot of water resources. It is hassle-free, and you can plant it outdoors. Marijuana, on the other hand, requires a specific temperature, humidity, greenhouse conditions, and more water. Hemp does not need a lot of space to grow successfully. Because hemp grows faster than other crops, you can harvest it every four months.

Hemp is also resistant to insects and diseases, so you do not need to use pesticides, making it more eco-friendly. Hemp also prevents weed plants from growing, so you do not have to use many herbicides compared to other crops. Hemp also absorbs more carbon dioxide than trees. Therefore, it can lessen gas emissions from greenhouses. As mentioned, hemp grows very fast, so companies can reduce carbon dioxide emissions and create more oxygen.

Is CBD Eco-Friendly?

It is crucial to understand how CBD is produced because of its rising popularity and demand. The more you understand how CBD is made, you will understand better if CBD is indeed eco-friendly. Some of the things you need to consider are:

  • The process of sourcing CBD
  • The sustainability of the brand
  • The packaging method

Hemp has also been scientifically proven to produce large amounts of carbon. These are similar to a biomass facility that keeps carbon. Therefore, hemp plants can eliminate carbon from the air. Industrial hemp plants can also be used as biofuels. Moreover, hemp can stabilize the soil quality of its surrounding areas. This is why it has been used to control soil erosion in China.

Many CBD companies also use sustainable packaging to make their products more eco-friendly. Instead of plastic bottles, they use glass bottles to pack CBD oil. Plastic is more complicated to recycle than Glass. Glass can be melted and produced new Glass numerous times.

Also, CBD companies that aim to produce eco-friendly CBD are increasing. They do this by following the standards for making an organic hem. They get USDA certificates to have the best CBD. Many of them also utilize a sustainable energy source for farming. Therefore, it can be said that the trend for environmentally-friendly practices will be long-term.


Finally, CBD businesses have been more and more eco-friendly compared to before. Because of the sustainable efforts to farm, extract, and distribute CBD, their products do minor damage to the environment. For instance, hemp makes ecology better. CBD can be more organic and eco-friendly compared to other agricultural products when the nature of CBD and proper production processes are combined.

The Difference Between Crocodiles and Alligators

The Difference Between Crocodiles and Alligators

Have you wondered about the difference between alligators and crocodiles? The answer is yes. While they are both related and have a similar appearance, alligators and crocodiles have several significant differences, and you can read more about alligators vs crocodiles here. To learn more facts about alligators vs crocodiles, read below.


Alligators prefer to live in freshwaters such as lakes and rivers, while crocodiles can live both in saltwater and freshwater.


Crocodiles and alligators belong in the same scientific category but come from different ancestries. They both are members of the family of Crocodylia; however, crocodiles are mainly from the Crocodylidae family, while the alligators belong to the Alligatordae family.


The most obvious and the primary distinction when it comes to alligators vs crocodiles is their appearance. Crocodiles have pointier, longer snouts, while alligators have more rounded, shorter snouts. When the alligator’s mouth is closed, people would not see all of its teeth. On the other hand, when the crocodile’s mouth is closed, its back teeth will stick up over its top lip, exposing a toothy grin.

Because of its broad width, the snout of an alligator is firmer or stronger than the crocodile’s. The alligator’s snout width also allows them to crush many hard-shelled animals like turtles. Moreover, crocodiles usually have a lighter color compared to alligators. Crocodiles have a mixture of brown and tan colors, while alligators have darker shades such as black and gray.


Both animals have very heightened senses, making them fast and alert hunters. With above-water vision, sensitive hearing, sharp day and night vision, and vertical pupils that can absorb more light, crocodiles and alligators are their prey’s nightmare. With their above-water vision, you should expect to see these animals peeping with their eyes slightly above the water level.

Moreover, both of these animals have their tiny sensory pits located along their jaws. These sensory pits allow them to sense changes in water pressure, making it a lot easier to sense and capture their prey. However, neither of these reptiles is fond of chewing their prey as they eat it. They prefer to swallow it immediately, in large chunks, and sometimes, they swallow it whole.

Crocodiles also have high-functioning salt glands that enable them to excrete large amounts of salt from the water, more than alligators can. The alligator’s glands cannot function as actively as the crocodile’s. It means they can only tolerate less saltwater, which is why they prefer residing in freshwaters. Because they have stronger salt glands, crocodiles are more capable of migrating across different marine environments.


Crocodiles are known to be more hostile than alligators. While people should avoid being in close contact with both predators, alligators in some places seem to be more passive than crocodiles. With that, alligators only attack if provoked and hungry.


Studies reported that a significant number of the female alligator population would constantly mate with only one male alligator for their entire life. But on the other hand, studies also proved that baby crocodiles are born from different mates.


Alligators have a shorter life span compared to crocodiles. Their average life span is only thirty to fifty years, while crocodiles have an average of seventy to one hundred years.

And this sums up the difference between the two animals. Knowing all these facts, it would be much easier for you to determine which is which according to their behavior patterns and biological characteristics.

What to Wear When Scuba Diving

What to Wear When Scuba Diving

Scuba diving is an enjoyable activity that only a few would even dare. If you are a scuba driver, you might have discovered that your fellow divers usually wear clothing under the custom t shirts or wetsuit.

These undergarments are important because they help uphold body temperature and safeguard you from the harsh conditions of the sun and many other hazards. Sometimes, the deeper waters are colder than the upper waters, so when you dive, the undergarment will protect your body from the cold temperature. In case you’re wondering what to wear beneath the standard wetsuit, here are a few we can suggest.

Diving Shorts

Fitting shorts are ideal for both men and women when worn beneath the wetsuit. It serves as an additional layer for protecting the body skin from colder temperatures. Also, you can wear and remove your wet suit easily.

To get a suitable diving short, make sure the materials are soft and comfortable. The neoprene fabric is ideal as it is light and thick, thereby providing you with more warmth.  Furthermore, it is easily stretchable and doesn’t shrink when you wear a wet suit. The shorts are generally unisex, so you don’t have to go out searching for a different brand for your partner.

One-Piece bikini

Bikinis or one-piece swimming costumes are an excellent undergarment for women. They cling onto the body perfectly that they don’t move whenever you pull over the wetsuit. Usually, athletic swimming suits for women are the most suitable.

If you opt for a string bikini, remember to tie the string bikini ends on the side. It will stop them from squeezing the wetsuit’s zipper. This way, you’ll be more comfortable.


The speedo is suitable for male drivers as it doesn’t shift when getting in the wetsuit. The fabric is thin and tight, making it great for diving. If you are the type who feels a little bit embarrassed when you wear a skimpy swimsuit, you can wear a pair of shorts before it’s time to put in the wet suit.

Vest/Compression Shirts

These are great for female divers who don’t prefer a one-piece bikini. Apart from diving, you can wear them during swimming, water sports, and even when sunbathing. Just make sure you go for a vest made of light and thin fabric. For male divers, a compression shirt is excellent as it provides more warmth to the upper body. Depending on your liking, you can even opt for one with a full sleeve.

Go Commando

If you are a type of person who doesn’t care too much, you can choose to wear nothing beneath the wetsuit. However, be prepared to encounter some challenges when out of the sea such as the lack of a private place to change.


Looking at the suggestions above, you will realize that there are different clothing options you can wear under your wetsuit depending on your preference. You can opt for a diving short, one-piece swimsuit, speedos, compression shirts or vest, or even nothing.

Whichever you choose, always make sure that the materials are comfortable even if they are custom T-shirts. Make sure they’re comfortable and fit you correctly.